TOP MALE HEALTH PROBLEMS
Men are affected by many of the diseases that afflict women but are more unlikely to seek medical screening or medical treatment. Regular checkups and screening tests can identify disease early when it is easiest to treat. Many diseases that affect men are reversible if caught in their early stages. Lifestyle changes, weight loss, and hormone replacement can help men feel and age better. In most cases, prescription drugs and their side effects can be avoided. Here are some of the top conditions that affect a man’s health.
- Heart Disease
Heart disease comes in many forms. The American Heart Association states that more than one in three adult men have some form of cardiovascular disease. African-American men account for 100,000 more cardiovascular disease deaths than Caucasian men. Stroke targets more than 3 million men. High blood pressure is common in males under the age of 45, according to the American Heart Association.
- Prostate Disease
Prostate disease can early be screened for. Yearly PSA levels are recommended after age 50.
- Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction can occur at any age but is more likely to occur after age 40. It is very common in men who have diabetes, hypertension or have had their prostate removed. Men with ED are 1.6 times more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke.
As men age, their metabolism slows. Hormone imbalances can also lead to weight gain.
Type 2 diabetes is a common problem found in men who are overweight. It is reversible with lifestyle changes and weight loss.
Men face higher rates of alcohol-related deaths and hospitalizations than women do. Men binge drink twice as much as women. They are also prone to increased aggression and sexual assault against women.
Researchers estimate that at least 6 million men suffer from depressive disorders, including suicidal thoughts, annually.
- Liver Disease
LIver disease can be caused by a number of conditions including cirrhosis, viral hepatitis, autoimmune disorders, bile duct cancer, liver cancer, and alcoholic liver disease.
Diabetes can lead to nerve and kidney damage, heart disease and stroke, and even vision problems or blindness. Men with diabetes face a risk of lower testosterone levels and sexual impotence. This can lead to increased depression or anxiety.
- Influenza and pneumonia
Influenza and pneumococcal infection are two leading health risks for men. Men who have compromised immune systems due to COPD, diabetes, congestive heart failure, sickle cell anemia, AIDS, or cancer are more susceptible to these illnesses. Men are about 25 percent more likely to die from these diseases than women.
- Skin Cancer
Two-thirds of melanoma deaths in 2013 were men which are more than twice the rate of women. Sixty percent of all melanoma deaths were white men over the age of 50.
- HIV and AIDS
Men who are infected with HIV may not realize it, as initial symptoms may mimic a cold or flu. As of 2010, men account for 76 percent of people infected with HIV. Nen who have sex with men account for most new and existing HIV infections. African-American men have the highest rate of new HIV infection among all men.